21. Accommodation and Employment (updated 2022)

Housing and Employment

21.1 Settled housing and productive use of time are two of the most important protective factors against re-offending and risk of serious harm. Everyone leaving prison should have somewhere safe and secure to live; accommodation provides a foundation to aid in rehabilitation and enables offenders to hold down a job, access healthcare, and reduces the likelihood of them reoffending. Evidence shows that there is a connection between homelessness and reoffending, with prison leavers released without stable accommodation being almost 50% more likely to reoffend (HMIP 2020). Having a job can be life changing for people leaving prison, it can provide a form of income and sense of self-worth and provide an opportunity for someone to move forward with their life. Having a job helps cut crime; ex-offenders with jobs are between 6 and 9 percentage points less likely to reoffend. However, employment levels for prison leavers are much lower than those of the general population - only one in five prison leavers have a job after six months. It is important that Duty to Co-operate (DTC) agencies involved in these areas are fully engaged in MAPPA and offer support and advice in line with their statutory responsibilities.