Integrated Offender Management (IOM)
What is Integrated Offender Management (IOM)?
IOM can complement other statutory multi-agency arrangements, such as MAPPA. It aims, amongst other things, to help local partners jointly to reduce crime and reoffending, improve public confidence in the criminal justice system and tackle the social exclusion of offenders and their families. IOM seeks to achieve this through a combination of interventions including enforcement, persuasive compliance, and supportive offender engagement. It should be noted that whilst offender engagement in IOM is not mandated, compliance with the requirements of the Court Order or Licence component of IOM is mandatory.
IOM cohort offenders typically present the highest risk of reoffending and/or risk of harm to local communities and therefore require an enhanced response to risk management and rehabilitation by partners. This should mean that IOM arrangements respond by providing an intensive package of intervention consisting of an enhanced level of contact from a range of relevant partnership services.
Local IOM models vary in different areas to reflect local circumstances and priorities (as determined by local crime and needs profiles), but there are a clear set of key principles that should underpin IOM arrangements. These principles are outlined in detail within the Home Office and MoJ IOM Key Principles 2015 document (document provided below). They include:
Local IOM partnerships can differ in their composition depending upon local offender profiles and priorities. Typically, however they will comprise the following statutory and non-statutory partners/agencies:
- National Probation Service
- Community Rehabilitation Company
- Public and Private Sector Prisons
- Youth Offending Service
- Local Authority (e.g. Accommodation)
- Pathway providers e.g. Jobcentre Plus housing providers and drug and alcohol services
- Voluntary and Community Sector (VCS).